Future PerspectiveWhen asking the two big air plane manufacturers, Boeing and Airbus, about their expectations for the upcoming years, both are very optimistic. Airbus expects that twenty years from now almost 30.000 air planes will be operating. Boeing predicts, that by the same time, 35.000 planes will be required to fulfil the demand. Compared to the current situation this would mean a doubling in the number of air planes.
And the same number of landings (We hope so)
Worldwide Air Traffic in NumbersIn this article we will present an overview of air traffic volume around the world. When summarising air traffic it is a good practice to differentiate, on one hand, between domestic and international flights, and on the other hand, between passenger and cargo transport. Passenger TransportIn 2012, almost 3 billion passenger tickets were sold for a flight with one of the 17.000 planes that are currently operating. More than two third of these tickets concerned international flights, where departure and destination airport are located in two different countries. For fifty percent of the passengers at least one of the airports was located in Europe. Within a year, the amount of passengers is far from stable: during the summer months passenger volume is 25% higher than during the winter period.Air traffic can also be represented in terms of passenger-kilometres (PK), i.e. the overall distance that individual passengers have been carried. By calculating air traffic this way, more weight is given to flights covering a longer distance. Then, all international flights summed up to about 3.5 trillion PK, and domestic flights to about 2 trillion PK per year. An average of twenty percent of the chairs remained empty, regardless of the type of flight.
World's existing airliners:
Annual Number Of Passengers:
Cargo TransportIn air fright traffic, international flights contribute a much higher share to the total amount than they do in passenger transport. Over the year 2012, 30-40 million tons of goods have been transported by air. As we did for passenger transport, we can represent fright traffic in freight-kilometres (FK), with freight measured in metric tons. The overall air fright volume summed up to 180 billion FK, of which more than 150 billion FK were international flights, leaving about 17% for domestic cargo flights.The load factor in cargo transport tends to be around 50%. Here it needs to be considered that the load factor is calculated as percentage of the actual load relative to the weight a cargo plane is allowed to carry. Therefore, if a plane's is full of goods that are large in volume without being heavy, even a full plane may not reach a load factor of 100%.
Live distance travelled at 900 km/h(In Kilometers):
Live kerosene consumption(in litres) of a 747 (3.25 litres/second atcruising altitude and 900 km/h) :
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT OF AIR TRAFFICHISTORY OF CIVIL AVIATIONThe Rise and Development of Air Travel: A History of the Last 70 YearsThe history of air travel has been a unique journey, and since the end of WWII (1945) there has been dramatic growth in the number of flights worldwide. While it's hard to paint a broad picture of this field due to the various advances in technology, safety, and economics, we can nonetheless take a look at how passenger travel has evolved over the last 70 years.Shortly after WWII, air travel's potential was realised and aviation underwent a significant technological revolution, with the rapid development of jet engines ushering in the jet age. This saw an exponential rise in the number of flights, with the number of flights per year quickly reaching into the hundreds of millions. This growth would continue throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, with the number of passengers per year soaring to over one billion per year.The 1980s saw further advancements in technology and safety, culminating in the deregulation of the airline industry. This saw the fall of traditional airline monopolies, and opened the door for low-cost carriers such as Southwest, who could now compete with the larger airlines. This further increased the number of flights per year, and by the beginning of the 1990s, air travel was becoming increasingly affordable for those of lower income levels.Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, air travel would become more accessible and popular than ever before, with the strong economic growth in many parts of the world leading to an even bigger surge in annual flights. Today, the number of scheduled flights per year has skyrocketed to over four billion, making air travel perhaps the most popular form of transportation in the world.Of course, this growth also brings with it a range of challenges for the industry to adapt to. With an ever-increasing demand for flights, safety and environmental concerns also become more pressing. Even so, the upward trajectory of air travel appears to show no signs of slowing down in the near future.GLOBAL KEROSENE CONSUMPTIONAir travel is one of the most widely used modes of transport, providing people with an efficient and relatively inexpensive way to get to destinations around the world. While it has its environmental drawbacks, the industry still needs to use fuel to operate and increase its capacity. Kerosin, also known as aviation fuel, plays a major role in the aviation industry, and it is estimated that around 356 million tonnes of the fuel were consumed around the world in 2022.Kerosin is a specialized type of fuel specifically designed for turbine engines used in aircraft, and it has been used for over a century. Its main component is a complex mixture consisting mainly of hydrocarbons, including n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene. These hydrocarbons are blended in a specific ratio that meets the high quality standards needed to safely operate aircraft. In addition, other additives can be added to make the fuel suitable for different kinds of engines, climates and altitudes.Most of the world’s kerosin is consumed in commercial aviation operations, with the remaining being consumed by military, government, cargo and general aviation operations. Although there have been various initiatives to improve the fuel efficiency of aircraft, kerosin consumption is steadily increasing due to the rising demand for air travel. This increase in consumption is estimated to continue to grow as air travel becomes more accessible and airlines strive to optimise operations and reduce fuel costs.The aviation industry accounts for a significant majority of worldwide kerosin consumption, but the fuel is also used in other applications, such as producing jet fuel, refinery blending and manufacturing petrochemicals. Nonetheless, it is clear that kerosin is an essential component in the global air transport industry, and its consumption will continue to increase in the near future.DEVELOPMENT AND NUMBER OF AIRCRAFT WORLDWIDEAir travel has undergone a significant transformation in the past two decades, with the global commercial aircraft fleet growing from fewer than 17,000 in 2000 to more than 27,000 in 2020. Major airlines, including the world's 30 largest, continue to expand their fleets to stay competitive and grow their businesses. The number of aircraft manufactured by the 20 leading aircraft makers has also increased over the past 20 years, with Boeing and Airbus continuing to dominate the market.The global aircraft fleet growth is partially attributed to the increase in low-cost airlines which are encouraging more travellers to take advantage of air travel. Boeing and Airbus have been the most popular aircraft manufacturers in the aviation industry. Since 2000, the total number of Boeings in service has nearly doubled from 7,530 to 13,632, while the total number of Airbus planes in service has more than quadrupled from 1,436 to 7,683. The vast majority of the world’s 30 largest airlines operate one or both of these aircraft. The other 18 leading aircraft makers have also seen significant growth, from 1,120 aircraft in 2000 to 5,194 in 2020, with Airbus’ A320 and Boeing’s 737 models remaining the top sellers.The development of new technologies, improved navigation systems, and new safety features has also contributed to the increase in the global fleet size. Major airlines such as Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, and United Airlines have begun replacing their fleets with newer model aircraft, while others such as Southwest Airlines and Ryanair continue to add larger numbers of newer models. As the cost of new aircraft begins to decrease, more airlines are expected to join the ranks, as well as the number of aircraft manufacturers.Aviation experts predict that the number of aircraft worldwide is likely to continue its steady upward trajectory in the coming years and decades. Boeing and Airbus will remain the two dominant players in the aircraft market, but smaller manufacturers are also expected to gain ground as budget airlines seek more fuel efficient and cost effective options. The future of global aircraft fleet growth looks promising, as more airlines enter the market and existing airlines expand their fleets.There’s no doubt that the aviation industry has come a long way over the years. From commercial airlines and private jets to cargo and military aircraft, millions of people across the globe rely on these passenger and freight services to travel quickly and safely. In fact, the global aviation market has experienced a sustained period of growth over the past two decades. To get an idea of just how large and pervasive the industry is, we’ve compiled a list of the world’s top aircraft manufacturers and passenger airlines.Let’s start with the world’s top 20 aircraft manufacturers. From a manufacturing perspective, these organizations are responsible for producing airplanes that meet the needs of the industry. The most popular aircraft manufacturers are: Boeing, Airbus, Embraer, Bombardier, Textron Aviation, Cessna, Lockheed Martin, Mitsubishi, Bell, GaitWorks, Cirrus, AgustaWestland, Pilatus, Dassault-Breguet, Saab Group, Sukhoi, ATR, Daher, Antonov, and Kawasaki.When it comes to passenger airlines, the list of top 30 airlines worldwide is comprised of a mix of domestic, regional, and international carriers. The dominant players in the field include: American Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, Delta Air Lines, China Eastern Airlines, Emirates, British Airways, All Nippon Airways, Lufthansa, Air Canada, Qatar Airways, Air China, Japan Airlines, Air India, Turkish Airlines, KLM, Alaska Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Iberia, China Southern Airlines, Air France, Ryanair, Vueling Airlines, Air Europa, Aeromexico, Virgin Atlantic, Alitalia, Cathay Pacific, JetBlue, Jet Airways, and Alaska-Horizon Air.Together, these groups manufacture and operate the aircraft that make up the core of the global air transport network. By continuing to invest in safe, reliable, and efficient aircraft, they will remain essential players in the continued growth of the aviation industry.